Unlike illegal immigrants, asylum seekers do not leave their states voluntarily and on their own will for economic, family or educational reasons.
The asylum seeker is an individual who is forced to flee his/her country of origin due to fear of persecution, violation of basic human rights or a threat to his/her life and security by reason of an armed conflict or a natural disaster.
For the above reasons, such an individual seeks protection in another state in order to ensure protection against harm for himself/herself or his/her family. This is why the legislation has regulated a special type of residence for foreigners, called “asylum”. In Europe this special type of residence is called “international protection”. For the purpose of international protection, the individuals who flee their country of origin for the above reasons may receive this special residence permit even if they do not meet the usual requirements for legal migration – holding a regular passport, visa or crossing the border only via the designated points.
The states of the European Union apply a common system for granting this special type of residence permit, called CEAS (Common European Asylum System). The person seeking asylum and protection is called an applicant for international protection in the EU states.