The Bulgarian law stipulates that upon receiving humanitarian status, a foreigner acquires the rights and obligations of a foreigner with a permanent residence permit in Bulgaria.
Hence, humanitarian protection holders have the right to:
• employment without a special permit;
• education in state schools and universities;
• family reunion on the territory of Bulgaria;
• apply for Bulgarian citizenship 5 years after receiving the status;
• travel abroad under the terms and conditions applicable to foreigners with a permanent residence permit in Bulgaria. (For more information on this issue, see “Legal immigrant“)
The spouse of a humanitarian status holder in Bulgaria and their children who are minor or underage and are not married are also considered to be humanitarian status holders. Such members of the family of a humanitarian status holder are entitled to the same rights, but only if this entitlement is compatible with their personal status. For example, if they do not hold another type of legal residence permit in Bulgaria or in another state.
The members of the family of the humanitarian status holder cannot avail themselves of his/her rights, either, if circumstances for the cessation or withdrawal of the status are established with respect to them. For example, if they have committed a serious non-political crime before arriving in Bulgaria or, if after receiving the status, have procured a new passport for themselves from their country of origin.
Where a humanitarian status holder gets married after receiving the status, the spouse, if he/she is a foreigner, may receive humanitarian status only on his/her individual grounds due to fear of persecution in the country of origin.